Slower Eating Reduces Food Intake

Dieters use hundred of different methods to try and reduce food intake. Eating slower is one of the methods that people use. Some research has shown eating slower can help reduce food intake. But these results have not always been conclusive.

A meta-analysis (a study of studies) published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition analyzed differences in eating rate and its influence on energy intake and hunger. Researchers analyzed and combined the evidence from 22 studies.They calculated the average differences in food intake between slow and fast eating, and the possible differences in hunger.

The combined evidence showed that eating slower is associated with less calorie consumption than a faster eating rate. This was true regardless of the type of manipulation used to alter the eating rate. The rate of eating did not have an impact on hunger.

This review supports the idea that the rate of eating does affect energy intake. Eating slower will help reduce food intake and limit excess consumption, regardless of the method used to slow down eating rate.

Eric Robinson et al. A systematic review and meta-analysis examining the effect of eating rate on energy intake and hunger. July 2014. Am J Clin Nutr 100(1):123-151.